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Is Weed Legal In Iowa? (Iowa Marijuana Laws)

Is Weed Legal In Iowa - Iowa Marijuana Laws - Iowa Weed Laws - Is Marijuana Legal In Iowa

Is weed legal in Iowa?

This article is going to cover:

  • Iowa weed laws
  • legalization of recreational marijuana
  • medical marijuana legalization
  • House and Senate Bills for Iowa weed laws
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Is Weed Legal In Iowa?

Weed is not legal in Iowa for recreational use.

And weed is not legal in Iowa for medical use.

Iowa is one of 13 states that have no medical marijuana laws.

Iowa is one of the strictest states on marijuana laws.

And it continues to criminalize any amount of marijuana.

Here is the Iowa Controlled Substances Act.

Iowa Weed Laws

Let’s look at the different types of Iowa weed laws. 

OffensePenaltiesJail TimeMax Fines
Possession
Any Amount (First Offense) Misdemeanor6 months$1,000
Any Amount (Second Offense) Misdemeanor1 year$1,875
Any Amount (Third Offense) Misdemeanor2 years$6,250
Sale Or Distribution
Up to 50 kg (110 lbs)Felony5 years$7,500
50 – 100 kg (110 - 220 lbs)Felony10 years $50,000
100 – 1,000 kg (220 - 2,200 lbs)Felony25 years$100,000
1,000+ kg (2,200+ lbs)Felony50 years$1,000,000
Cultivation
Up to 50 kg (110 lbs)Felony5 years$7,500
50 – 100 kg (110 - 220 lbs)Felony10 years $50,000
100 – 1,000 kg (220 - 2,200 lbs)Felony25 years$100,000
1,000+ kg (2,200+ lbs)Felony50 years$1,000,000

Cannabis Possession Laws

These are the marijuana laws for personal possession of marijuana.

Recreational cannabis is not decriminalized in Iowa for adult use.

(CBD is legal for medical use as long as it contains less than 0.3% of THC.)

Possessing any amount (first offense) is a misdemeanor with:

  • up to 6 months in jail
  • up to $1,000 in fines

Possessing any amount (second offense) is a misdemeanor with:

  • up to 1 year in jail
  • up to $1,875 in fines

Possessing any amount (third offense) is a misdemeanor with:

  • up to 2 years in jail
  • up to $6,250 in fines

Related: How Many People Are In Jail For Weed

Selling Marijuana In Iowa

These are the marijuana laws for selling marijuana in Iowa.

The following weights apply to:

  • selling
  • possession with intent to sell

Up to 50 kg (110 lbs) is a Class D felony with:

  • up to 5 years in jail
  • up to $7,500 in fines

From 50 – 100 kg (110 – 220 lbs) is a Class C felony with:

  • up to 10 years in jail
  • up to $50,000 in fines

From 100 – 1,000 kg (220 – 2,200 lbs) is a Class A felony with:

  • up to 25 years in jail
  • up to $100,000 in fines

From 1,000+ kg (2,200+ lbs) is a Class B felony with:

  • up to 50 years in jail
  • up to $1,000,000 in fines

Any amount with a minor involved gets you:

  • mandatory 5 years in jail
  • up to 25 years in jail
  • up to $100,000 in fines

Any amount with a minor involved in a school zone gets you:

  • mandatory 10 years in jail
  • up to $100,000 in fines

Iowa Cannabis Cultivation Laws

The marijuana laws for cultivating marijuana in Iowa are the same as selling.

The following weights apply to:

  • selling
  • possession with intent to sell

Up to 50 kg (110 lbs) is a Class D felony with:

  • up to 5 years in jail
  • up to $7,500 in fines

From 50 – 100 kg (110 – 220 lbs) is a Class C felony with:

  • up to 10 years in jail
  • up to $50,000 in fines

From 100 – 1,000 kg (220 – 2,200 lbs) is a Class A felony with:

  • up to 25 years in jail
  • up to $100,000 in fines

From 1,000+ kg (2,200+ lbs) is a Class B felony with:

  • up to 50 years in jail
  • up to $1,000,000 in fines

Any amount with a minor involved gets you:

  • mandatory 5 years in jail
  • up to 25 years in jail
  • up to $100,000 in fines

Any amount with a minor involved in a school zone gets you:

  • mandatory 10 years in jail
  • up to $100,000 in fines

Possession Of Hash And THC Concentrates

This is the same as the sale and cultivation sections.

Cannabis Paraphernalia

Possession with intent, or selling of, paraphernalia is a misdemeanor in Iowa.

Possessing or using paraphernalia gets you:

  • up to 6 months in jail
  • up to a $1,000 fine

Iowa Marijuana Decriminalization

Iowa has not decriminalized marijuana yet.

Recreational use and possession of marijuana are fully illegal in Iowa.

Iowa legislature proposed a bill for decriminalization in Iowa in 2014.

Their goal was to replace the state’s misdemeanor charges with a $300 fine.

For possessing up to 42.5 grams of marijuana.

They would also have allowed expungement for marijuana charges.

This bill was denied.

After the MORE Act, lawmakers protested in Cedar Rapids to have weed:

  • removed from the controlled substance list
  • charges go through an expungement process

Is Marijuana Legal In Iowa?

This section is covering whether weed is legal in Iowa for:

  • recreational use
  • medical use

Is Recreational Weed Legal In Iowa?

Is weed legal in Iowa for recreational use?

No, weed is not legal in Iowa for recreational use for adults.

The US House passed the MORE Act to:

  • decriminalize marijuana nationwide for the first time
  • remove marijuana from the list of controlled substances
  • eliminate criminal penalties for growing, selling, or possessing the drug
  • expunge federal cannabis convictions

Democratic Rep. Cindy Anxe voted in favor of the MORE Act.

But Republican members of the Iowa House voted against it.

Sen. Joe Bolkcom has been pushing for new marijuana policies for years.

But Iowa lawmakers have no interest in changing the weed laws in Iowa.

Even though the Des Moines Register’s Iowa Polls show that:

  • 54% of Iowans are in favor of recreational weed
  • 78% are in favor of medical marijuana legalization in Iowa

The following Senators are pushing for marijuana reform in Iowa:

  • Sen. Joe Bolkcom (Democrat)
  • Sen. Janet Petersen (Democrat)
  • Sen. Sarah Trone Garriott (Democrat)

They are proposing a constitutional amendment to marijuana laws.

At the core, these are for the legalization of the adult use of recreational weed in Iowa.

But also to. allow Iowans to do the following with weed:

  • possess
  • grow
  • process
  • manufacture
  • consume
  • sell

They are pushing for voters to get to decide.

Because Republicans continuously shut down any meaningful reform discussions.

They keep facing inaction from the GOP-controlled state legislature.

So, they are seeking alternative routes to end cannabis prohibition.

Is Medical Weed Legal In Iowa?

No, weed is not legal in Iowa for medical use.

But, you can only buy up to 4.5 grams of THC every 3 months.

The state of Iowa only allows the use of “cannabis preparations.”

Meaning you can only buy things like CBD oil with THC in it.

You cannot buy weed for medical use in Iowa.

  • Cancer
  • Seizures
  • Crohn’s disease  
  • Chronic pain
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • AIDS or HIV
  • ALS
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • PTSD
  • Terminal illness
  • Ulcerative colitis 
  • Severe, intractable pediatric autism
  • Autism with self-injurious
  • Corticobasal Degeneration 

Patients or their caregivers are allowed to possess medical use THC products.

These products include:

  • vaporizable
  • oral forms
  • topical forms
  • nebulized inhaled forms
  • suppositories

No one is allowed to have flowers or edibles in Iowa.

Patients are not allowed to be growers of their own medical use.

This falls under the state laws on cultivation for personal use mentioned above.

They are only able to purchase medical cannabis from licensed dispensaries.

Purchasing cannabidiol products outside of a licensed dispensary is illegal for Iowans.

There are only 5 dispensaries allowed in Iowa, located in:

  • Windsor Heights
  • Sioux City
  • Waterloo
  • Council Bluffs
  • Iowa City

Lawmakers consider weed a controlled substance, even if it’s for medical use.

Is Delta 8 THC Legal In Iowa?

No, Delta 8 THC is illegal in Iowa.

Is CBD Oil Legal In Iowa?

Yes, CBD oil is legal in Iowa, but for medical use only.

But, the CBD has to come from industrial hemp.

And it cannot contain more than 0.3% THC.

Iowa Cannabis Legalization Bills

These are Iowa’s weed legalization bills.

Related: Marijuana Legality By State

2014 - Senate Bill 2360

This bill initiated Iowa’s Medical Cannabidiol Act in 2014.

Republican Gov. Terry Branstad signed this Senate bill into Iowa law.

This bill allowed:

  • only medical CBD with up to 0.3% THC
  • no access to medical weed in Iowa
  • only patients with intractable epilepsy to qualify

The Public Safety Committee is who pushed this initiative through the Senate.

2017 - House File 524

This bill updated the qualifying conditions for using medical cannabis products.

This included diseases like:

  • cancer
  • chronic pain
  • multiple sclerosis
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Parkinson’s disease

Gov. Terry Branstad’s main concerns with the bill were:

  • allowing people with felonies to work in the weed industry for public safety
  • background checks not being thorough enough for medical patients

2020 - House File 2589

Republican Gov. Kim Reynolds signed to update the Medical Cannabidiol Act in 2020.

This updated the medical marijuana program to allow:

  • patients to have up to 4.5 grams of THC every 3 months
  • PTSD and Autism to get added to the qualifying conditions for medical use
  • updated “untreatable pain” to “chronic pain”
  • employers to deny work and healthcare coverage to medical marijuana users
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If you’re interested in what states weed is legal in, here’s a list of all the states.

Disclaimer: These codes may not be the most recent version. There may be more current or accurate information. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or the information linked to on the state site. Please check official sources.